How We Saved Money by Installing Solar Power: A Case Study
Nurse Elizabeth Neal and her husband, Martin live “in the middle of nowhere” in sunny Devon so their location is ideal for solar power.
But the Neals certainly couldn’t be described as a ‘typical’ solar power household. While most families use it alongside traditional electricity, the Neals have no mains electricity supply.
Producing PowerThey produce around half of their own electricity from photovoltaic panels and a small wind turbine – and have a diesel generator to provide electricity when solar power isn’t available.
They also have a Solartwin solar panel which provides a lot of their hot water and chose it because the pump it uses is solar powered rather than electric.
Unfortunately, unlike many people who install a renewable technology, they can’t “sell back” any excess power produced to the National Grid because it would cost them around £30,000 to get connected to mains electricity.
Costs of PowerGiven their circumstances, it’s impossible to compare their costs accurately against those of a “typical” house but Elizabeth says: “The costs of power have shot up and I know people who are paying up to £500 per month for their power – and we certainly aren’t paying anywhere near that amount.”
The couple buy 1000 litres of red diesel every year, at a cost (in 2009) of 46 pence per litre but it’s important to remember that when calculating the costs of any alternative power, you need to take into account the investment needed for purchase and/or installation of the technology.
“We probably use less than 10% of the power used by an average household,” said Elizabeth, “We have all the usual equipment and appliances such as a washing machine and dishwasher but we are very careful about how we use our power and are very careful not to waste electricity. For example, we’d never leave equipment on standby.”
Generator UseThe diesel generator is expensive to run so it’s important that they use it only when really necessary. In summer, it’s in use for an average of an hour per day but this rises to around six hours per day in winter.
“The Solartwin panel is excellent for our hot water needs,” said Elizabeth. “I’d say the water coming from the tap is hotter than the water you’d get from a gas water boiler unless you had it turned up very high and obviously for us, one of its major benefits is that it doesn’t need any electricity.
“The solar pump switches on as soon as the sun comes up and the hot water is stored in a hot water tank as usual. It stays hot for quite a while, although I think it would stay hot for even longer if we increased the tank insulation.”
Storing PowerObviously, solar generation stops as soon as the sun goes down but they can store excess power produced on a sunny day in three leisure batteries, such as those used in caravans – and when that isn’t sufficient, they switch on the diesel generator.
The fact that they don’t have mains power affects the way the Neals use their appliances. For example, Elizabeth wouldn’t dream of switching on the generator just to use the washing machine. She would put the washing in when she was switching on the generator for another task such as using the vacuum cleaner.
“Overall, I think our solar panels and wind turbine probably reduce our reliance on the generator by at least 50%,” says Elizabeth.
“We also like the fact that we’re harvesting electricity which is provided free by the sun. If more people made use of solar power we wouldn’t need so many power stations.”